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List of plant species reported to be naturally infected with Iris yellow spot virusa ; updated by H. F. Schwartz (07/2014). [ Please send corrections and updates to: howard.schwartz@colostate.edu ]

Hosta

 

Locationb

Year of First Published Report

Allium altaicum

Wild onion

Washington

2006 (Pappu et al., 2006)

 

 

New Mexico

2010 (Cramer et al., 2011)

A. cepa

Onion

Idaho

1993 (Hall et al., 1993)

 

 

Brazil

1994 (Pozzer et al., 1999)

 

 

Israel

1998 (Gera et al., 1998)

 

 

Japan

1999 (Kumar & Rawal, 1999)

 

 

Slovenia

2000 (Mavric & Ravnikar, 2000)

 

 

Colorado

2002 (Schwartz et al., 2002)

 

 

Arizona

2003 (Moyer & Mohan, 1993)

 

 

California

2003 (Moyer & Mohan, 1993)

 

 

Utah

2003 (Abad et al., 2003)

 

 

Italy

2003 (Cosmi et al., 2003)

 

 

Australia

2003 (Coutts et al, 2003)

 

 

New Mexico

2004 (Creamer et al., 2004)

 

 

Washington

2004 (du Toit et al., 2004)

 

 

Georgia

2004 (Mullis et al., 2004)

 

 

Tunisia

2005 (Moussa et al., 2005)

 

 

Spain

2005 (Cordoba-Selles et al., 2005)

 

 

Oregon

2005 (Crowe & Pappu, 2005)

 

 

Chile

2005 (Rosales et al., 2005)

 

 

India

2006 (Ravi et al., 2006)

 

 

Rèunion Island

2006 (Robene-Soustrade et al., 2006)

 

 

Peru

2006 (Mullis et al., 2006)

 

 

Texas

2006 (Miller et al., 2006)

 

 

Guatemala

2006 (Nischwitz et al., 2006)

 

 

New York

2006 (Hoepting et al., 2007)

 

 

France

2007 (Huchette et al., 2008)

 

 

Canada

2007 (Hoepting et al., 2008)

 

 

Serbia

2007 (Bulajic et al., 2008)

 

 

South Africa

2007 (du Toit et al., 2007)

 

 

New Zealand

2007 (Ward et al., 2008)

 

 

Arizona

2008 (Pappu & Matheron, 2008)

 

 

Nevada

Greece

Mauritius

Uruguay

Hawaii

Pennsylvania

Mexico

Austria

Kenya

Uganda

2008 (Bag et al., 2009)

2008 (Chatzivassiliou et al., 2009)

2010 (Lobin et al., 2010)

2010 (Colnago et al. 2010)

2010 (Sether et al., 2010)

2010 (Hoepting & Fuchs, 2012)

2010 (Velasquez-V & Reveles-H, 2011)

2011 (Plenk et al., 2011)

2011 (Birithia et al., 2011)

2011 (Birithia et al., 2011)

 

 

Bosnia

2012 (Trkulja et al., 2012)

 

 

Herzegovina

Pakistan

2012 (Trkulja et al., 2012)

2012 (Iftikhar et al., 2013)

 

 

Indonesia

2013 (Pappu and Rauf, 2013)

    Zimbabwe 2014 (Karavina et al., 2016

 

 

 

 

A. ampeloprasum

Egyptian leek

Egypt

2011 (Hafez et al., 2011)

A. cepa var. ascalonicum

Shallot

Rèunion Island

2005 (Robene-Soustrade et al., 2006)

A. galanthum

Snowdrop Onion

New Mexico

2010 (Cramer et al., 2011)

A. porrum

Leek

Australia

2003 (Coutts et al., 2003)

 

 

Rèunion Island

2005 (Robene-Soustrade et al., 2003)

 

 

Colorado

2006 (Schwartz et al., 2007)

 

 

Oregon

Greece

2006 (Gent et al., 2007)

2008 (Chatzivassiliou et al., 2009)

 

 

Germany

2010 (Krauthausen et al., 2012)

A. pskemense

Wild onion

Washington

2006 (Pappu et al., 2006)

A. roylei

Wild onion

New Mexico

2010 (Cramer et al., 2011)

A. sativum

Garlic

Rèunion Island

Oregon

India

Egypt

2005 (Robene-Soustrade et al., 2003)

2008 (Bag et al., 2009)

2010 (Gawande et al., 2010)

2011 (Hafez et al., 2011)

A. schoenoprasum

Chive

New Mexico

2010 (Cramer et al., 2011)

A. tuberosum

Chinese Chive

New Mexico

2010 (Cramer et al., 2011)

 

 

India

2013 (Gawande et al., 2014)

A. vavilovii

Wild onion

Washington

2006 (Pappu et al., 2006)

 

 

New Mexico

2010 (Cramer et al., 2011)

Non – Allium Species

Alstroemeria sp.

Alstroemeria

Japan

2001 (Okuda & Hanada, 2001)

Amaranthus retroflexus

Pigweed

Idaho, Wash.

2007 (Sampangi et al., 2007)

Atriplex micrantha

Twoscale Saltbush

Utah

2009 (Evans et al., 2009a)

Bessera elegans

Bessera

 

Japan

2005 (Jones, 2005)

Chenopodium album

Lambsquarters

Idaho, Wash.

2007 (Sampangi et al., 2007)

Clivia minata

Clivia

Japan

2005 (Jones, 2005)

Cycas sp.

Cycad

Iran

2005 (Ghotbi et al., 2005)

Eustoma grandiflorum

Lisianthus

Japan

2003 (Doi et al., 2003)

Eustoma russellianum

Lisianthus

Israel

2000 (Kritzman et al., 2000)

Hippeastrum hybridum

Amaryllis

Israel

1998 (Gera et al., 1998)

Iris hollandica

Iris

The Netherlands

1996 (Derks & Lemmers, 1996)

Kochia scoparia

Kochia

Idaho, Wash.

2007 (Sampangi et al., 2007)

Lactuca serriola

Prickly Lettuce

Idaho, Wash.

2007 (Sampangi et al., 2007)

Pelargonium hortorum

Geranium

Iran

2005 (Ghotbi et al., 2005)

Petunia hybrida

Petunia

Iran

2005 (Ghotbi et al., 2005)

Portulaca sp.

Purslane

Italy

2003 (Cosmi et al., 2003)

Rosa sp.

Rose

Iran

2005 (Ghotbi et al., 2005)

Scindapsus sp.

Setaria viridis

Pothos

Green Foxtail

Iran

Utah

2005 (Ghotbi et al., 2005)

2008 (Evans et al., 2009b)

Sonchus asper

Spiny Sowthistle

Georgia

2003 (Nischwitz et al., 2007)

Tribulus terrestris

Puncturevine

Idaho, Wash.

2007 (Sampangi et al., 2007)

Vigna unguiculata

Cowpea

Iran

2005 (Ghotbi et al., 2005)

a  Chenopodium amaranticolor, C. quinoa, Datura stramonium, Gomphrena globosa, Nicotiana benthamiana, and N. rustica are reported as experimental hosts of Iris yellow spot virus (IYSV).

b  The following states are located in the United States: Arizona, California, Colorado, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Nevada, New Mexico, New York, Oregon, Texas, Utah, and Washington.  

LITERATURE CITED

Abad, J. A., Speck, J., Mohan, S. K., and Moyer, J. W. 2003.  Diversity of the Iris yellow spot virus N gene in the USA. Phytopathology 93:S1.

Bag, S., Singh, J., Davis, R.M., Chounet, W., and Pappu, H. R.  2009.  Iris yellow spot virus in onion in Nevada and northern California.  Plant Dis. 93:674.

Bag, S., Rogers, P., Watson, R., and Pappu, H. R.  2009.  First report of natural infection of garlic with Iris yellow spot virus in the United States.  Plant Dis. 93:839.

Ben Moussa, A., Marrakchi, M., and Makni, M. 2005.  Characterisation of Tospovirus in vegetable crops in Tunisia.  Infection, Genetics and Evolution 5:312-322.

Birthia, R., Subramanian, S., Pappu, H.R., Sseruwagi, P., Muthomi, J.W., and Narla, R.D.  2011. First report of Iris yellow spot virus infecting onion in Kenya and Uganda.  Plant Dis. 95:1195.

Bulajic, A., Jovic, J., Krnjajic, S., Petrov, M., Kjekic, I., and Krstic, B.  2008.  First report of Iris yellow spot virus on onion (Allium cepa) in Serbia.  Plant Dis.  92:1247.

Chatzivassiliou, E.K., Giavachtsia, V., Mehraban, A.H., Hoedjes, K., and Peters, D. 2009. Identification and incidence of Iris yellow spot virus, a new pathogen in onion and leek in Greece.  Plant Dis. 93:761.

Colnago, P., Achigar, R., Gonzalez, P.H., Peluffo, S., Gonzalez, I.H., Pianzzola, M.J., and Galvan, G.A.  2010.  First report of Iris yellow spot virus on onion in Uruguay.  Plant Dis. 94:786.

Córdoba-Sellés, C., Martínez-Priego, L., Muńoz-Gómez, R., and Jordá-Gutiérrez, C. 2005.  Iris yellow spot virus: A new onion disease in Spain.  Plant Dis. 89:1243.

Cosmi, T., Marchesini, E., and Martini, G.  2003.  Presence and spread of tospovirus and thrip vectors in Veneto.  Info. Agrario 59:69-72.

Coutts, B. A., McMichael, L. A., Tesoriero, L., Rodoni, B. C., Wilson, C. R., Wilson, A. J., Persley, D. M., and Jones, R. A. C.  2003.  Iris yellow spot virus found infecting onions in three Australian states.  Australas. Plant Pathol. 32:555-557.

Creamer, R., Sanogo, S., Moya, A., Romero, J., Molina-Bravo, R., and Cramer, C.  2004 Iris yellow spot virus on onion in New Mexico. Plant Dis. 88:1049.

Crowe, F. J., and Pappu, H. R. 2005.  Outbreak of Iris yellow spot virus in onion seed crops in central Oregon.  Plant Dis. 89:105.

Derks, A. F. L. M., and Lemmers, M. E. C.  1996.  Detection of tospoviruses in bulbous crops and transmissibility by vegetative propagation.  Acta Hortic. 432:132-137.

Doi, M., Zen, S., Okuda, M., Nakamura, H., Kato, K., and Hanada, K. 2003.  Leaf necrosis disease of lisianthus (Eustoma grandiflorum) caused by Iris yellow spot virus.  Japanese J. Phytopathology 69:181-188.

du Toit, L. J., Burger, J. T., McLeod, A., Englebrecht, M., and Viljoen, A.  2007.  Iris yellow spot virus in onion seed crops in South Africa.  Plant Dis.  91:1203.

Evans, C. K., Bag, S., Frank, E., Reeve, J. R., Drost, D., and Pappu, H. R.  2009a.  Natural infection of Iris yellow spot virus in twoscale saltbush (Atriplex micrantha) growing in Utah.  Plant Dis. 93:430.

Evans, C. K., Bag, S., Frank, E., Reeve, J. R., Ransom, C., Drost, D., and Pappu, H. R.  2009b.  Green foxtail (Setaria viridis), a naturally infected grass host of Iris yellow spot virus in Utah.  Plant Dis. 93:670.

Gawande, S. J., Khar, A., and Lawande, K. E.  2010.  First report of Iris yellow spot virus on garlic in India.  Plant Dis.  94:1066.

Gawande, S. J.,Gurav, V.S., Ingle, A.A., and gopal, J.  2014.  First report of Iris yellow spot virus infecting Allium tuberosum in India.  Plant Dis.  98:1161. 

Gent, D. H., Martin, R. R., and Ocamb, C. M.  2007.  First report of Iris yellow spot virus on onion and leek in western Oregon.  Plant Dis.  91:468.

Gent, D. H., Schwartz, H. F., and Khosla, R. 2004.  Distribution and incidence of Iris yellow spot virus and its relation to onion plant population and yield.  Plant Dis. 88:446-452.

Gera, A., Cohen, J., Salomon, R., and Raccah, B. 1998. Iris Yellow Spot Tospovirus detected in onion (Allium cepa) in Israel.  Plant Dis. 82:127.

Gera, A., Kritzman, A., Cohen, J., and Raccah, B.  1998.  Tospoviruses infecting bulb crops in Israel.  Pages 86-87 in: Recent Progress in Tospovirus and Thrips Research.  D. Peters and R. Goldbach, eds.  Fourth Int. Symp. on Tospoviruses and Thrips in Floral and Vegetable Crops, Wagengingen, The Netherlands. 

Ghotbi, T., Shahraeen, N., and Winter, S.  2005.  Occurrence of tospoviruses in ornamental and weed species in Markazi and Tehran provinces in Iran.  Plant Dis. 89:425-429.

Hafez, E.E., Abdelkhalek, A.A., El-Morsi, A.A., and El-Sbahaby, O.A. 2011. First report of Iris yellow spot virus infection of garlic and Egyptian leek in Egypt. Plant Disease doi: 10.1094/PDIS-10-11-0901.

Hall, J. M., Mohan, K., Knott, E. A., and Moyer, J. W. 1993. Tospoviruses associated with scape blight of onion (Allium cepa) seed crops in Idaho. Plant Dis. 77:952.

Hoepting, C. A., and Fuchs, M. F.  2012.  First report of Iris yellow spot virus infecting onion in Pennsylvania.  Plant Dis.  96:1229.

Hoepting, C. A., Allen, J. K., Vanderkooi, K. D., Hovius, M. Y., Fuchs, M. F., Pappu, H. R., and McDonald, M. R.  2008.  First report of Iris yellow spot virus on onion in Canada.  Plant Dis.  92:318.

Hoepting, C. A., Schwartz, H. F., and Pappu, H. R.  2007.  First report of Iris yellow spot virus on onion in New York.  Plant Dis.  91:327.

Huchette, O., Bellamy, C., Filomenko, R., Pouleau, B., Seddas, S., and Pappu, H. R.  2008.  Iris yellow spot virus on shallot and onion in France.  Plant Health Progress  doi:10.1094/PHP-2008-0610-01-BR.

Iftikhar, R., Bag, S., Ashfaq, M., and Pappu. H. R. 2013. First report of Iris yellow spot virus infecting onion in Pakistan.  Plant Dis. 97:1517. 

Jones, D. R. 2005.  Plant viruses transmitted by thrips.  European J. Plant Pathol. 113:119-157. 

Karavina, C., Ibaba, J. D., and gubba, A.  2016.  First report of Iris yellow spot virus infection onion in Zimbabwe.  Plant Dis.  100:235

Krauthausen, H. J., Leinhos, G. M. E., Muller, J., Radtke, P. C., and Jehle, J. A.  2012.  Identification and incidence of Iris yellow spot virus in Allium field crops in southwest Germany.  Eur. J. Plant Pathol.  134:345-356.

Kritzman, A., Beckelman, H., Alexandrov, S., Cohen, J., Lampel, M., Zeidan, M., Raccah, B., and Gera, A.  2000.  Lisianthus leaf necrosis: A new disease of lisianthus caused by Iris yellow spot virus.  Plant Dis. 84:1185-1189.

Kumar, N. K. K., and Rawal, R. D. 1999.  Onion thrips, Thrips tabaci, a vector of onion tospovirus.  Insect Environment 5:52.

Lobin, K., Saison, A., Hostachy, B., Benimadhu, S. P., and Pappu, H. R.  2010.  First report of Iris yellow spot virus in onion in Mauritius.  Plant Dis. 94:645.

Mavric, I., and Ravnikar, M. 2000. Iris yellow spot tospovirus in Slovenia. Pages 223-225 in: Proc. 5th Congress of the European Foundation for Plant Pathol., Taormina, Italy.

Miller, M, R. Saldana, M. C. Black, and H.R. Pappu. 2006.  First Report of Iris yellow spot virus on onion (Allium cepa) in Texas. Plant Dis. 90:1359.

Moyer, J. W., and Mohan, S. K. 1993. Tospoviruses associated with scape blight of onion (Allium cepa) seed crops in Idaho. National Onion Res. Conf., Ithaca, NY. (Abst.)

Mullis, S. W., Gitaitis, R. D., Nischwitz, C., Csinos, A. S.,  Rafael Mallaupoma, Z. C., and Inguil Rojas, E. H. 2006.  First report of onion (Allium cepa) naturally infected with Iris yellow spot virus in Peru.  Plant Dis. 90:377. 

Nischwitz, C., Gitaitis, R. D., Mullis, S. W., Csinos, A. S., Langston, D. B., and Sparks, A. N.  2007.  First report of Iris yellow spot virus in spiny sowthistle (Sonchus asper) in the United States.  Plant Dis.  91:1518.

Nischwitz, C., Mullis, S. W., Csinos, A. S., Langston, D. B., Sparks, A. N., Torrance, R. L., Rafael Mallaupoma, Z. C., Inguil Rojas, E. H., and Gitaitis, R. D. 2006. Phylogenetic analysis of the N gene links Georgia strains of Iris yellow spot virus to strains from Peru.  Phytopathology 96:S84.

Okuda, M., and Hanada, K. 2001.  RT-PCR for detecting five distinct Tospovirus species using degenerate primers and dsRNA template.  J. Virol. Meth. 96:149-156.

Pappu, H., and Matheron, M.  2008.  Characterization of Iris yellow spot virus from onion in Arizona.  Plant Health Progress doi:10.1094/PHP-2008-0711-01-BR.

Pappu, H. R., and Rauf, A.  2013.  First report of Iris yellow spot virus infecting green onion in Indonesia.  Plant Dis  97:1665.

Pappu, H. R., Hellier, B. C., and Dugan, F. M.  2006.  Wild Allium spp. as natural hosts of Iris yellow spot virus.  Plant Dis. 90:378.

Plenk, A. and Grausgruber-Groger, S. 2011. First report of Iris yellow spot virus in onions (Allium cepa) in Austria. New Disease Reports 23: 13.

Poole, G.J., Pappu, H. R., Davis, R.M., and Turini, T.A.  2007.  Increasing outbreaks and impact of Iris yellow spot virus in bulb and seed onion crops in the Imperial and Antelope Valleys of California.  Plant Health Progress doi:10.1094/PHP-2007-0508-01-BR.

Pozzer, L., Nagata, T., Lima, M. I., Kitajima, E. W., Resende, R. de O., and de Avila, A. C.  1994.  “Sapeca”: An onion disease in Sub-Medio Sao Francisco region, Brazil, is caused by a tospovirus with a serologically distinct nucleocapsid protein.  Fitopatol. Bras. 19:321.

Ravi, K. S., Kitkaru, A. S., and Winter, S. 2006.  Iris yellow spot virus in onions: A new tospovirus record from India. Plant Pathol. 55:288.

Robène-Soustrade, I., Hostachy, B., Roux-Cuvelier, M., Minatchy, J., Hédont, M., Pallas, R., Couteau, A., Cassam, N., and Wuster, G. 2006.  First report of Iris yellow spot virus in onion bulb- and seed-production fields in Réunion Island. Plant Pathol. 55:288.

Rosales, M., Pappu, H. R., Mora, R., and Aljaro, A. 2005.  Iris yellow spot virus in onion in Chile.  Plant Dis. 89:1245.

Sampangi, R. K., Mohan, S.K., and Pappu, H. R.  2007.  Identification of new alternative weed hosts for Iris yellow spot virus in the Pacific Northwest.  Plant Dis.  91:1683.

Schwartz, H. F., Brown Jr., W. M., Blunt, T., and Gent, D. H. 2002. Iris yellow spot virus on onion in Colorado. Plant Dis. 86:560.

Schwartz, H. F., Epsky, N. D., and Capinera, J. L.  1988.  Onion transplant pink root and thrips contamination, and their control in Colorado.  App. Agr. Res. 3:71-74.

Schwartz, H. F., Otto., K., and Pappu, H. R.  2007.  First report of Iris yellow spot virus in commercial leek (Allium porrum) in the United States.  Plant Dis.  91:113.

Sether, D. M., Borth, W. B., Shimabuku, R.S., Pappu, H. R., Melzer, M. J., and Hu, J. S.  2010. First report of Iris yellow spot virus in onion in Hawaii.  Plant Dis. 94:1508.

Trkulja, V., Mihic Salapura, J., Kovacic, D., Stankovic, I., Bulajic, A., Vucurovic, A., and Krstic, B.  2012.  First report of Iris yellow spot virus infecting onion in Bosnia and Herzegovina.  Plant Disease First Look  doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-09-12-0893-PDN.

Ward L.I., Perez-Egusquiza, Z., Fletcher, J.D., Ochoa Corona, F.M., Tang, J.Z., Liefting, L.W., Martin, E.J., Quinn, B.D., Pappu, H.R., and Clover, G.R.G. 2008. First report of Iris yellow spot virus on Allium cepa in New Zealand. New Disease Reports, Vol. 17, February 2008 - July 2008. http://www.bspp.org.uk/ndr/july2008/2008-43.asp

Velasquez-Valle, R., and Reveles-Hernandez, M.  2011.  Iris yellow spot virus detection in the onion cultivation of Zacatecas, Mexico.  Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Agricolas  Vol. 2:971-978.